Porch Construction with Ceramic or Porcelain Tile Flooring
A timeless Building Material that will Boost Home Equity
© 2008 by Kelly Smith all rights reserved; content may not be copied, rewritten, or republished without authors written permission
Does your porch need a new look? What kind of a look would you like? A wood deck can be rustic.
Want something classier? Why not spice it up with tile? Tile is virtually maintenance free. An added
benefit is its cool feel in summertime.
The purpose of this article is to explain installing ceramic tile on a porch.
Types of Porches and Weight Precautions
Most likely your porch is made of cement or its made of wood. Its not advisable
to lay ceramic
tile on directly on a wooden porch. Instead, screw cementfiber board to the wood surface. Apply
fiberglass mesh drywall tape to the joints and skim them with thin set.
Make certain that your wooden porchs surface and
is beefed up to carry the additional weight of cement board and tile so the tile wont crack.
Tools and Materials List
What tools and materials will you need for this tile project?. Here's your list. Get it together.
- Tape measure
- Rubber mallet and beating block
- Wet tile saw
- Grouting float
- Grouting sponge
- Notched mortar trowel
- Tile spacers (1/8 or 1/4)
- Mortar or Thinset (find out which is recommended for your location)
- Grout and grout sealer
Ceramic or Porcelain Tile: Your Choice
Both porcelain and ceramic tile are good choices for your porch. Keep in mind that if you buy
ceramic, it must be marked as frost proof or vitreous. This is especially essential if your
weather will drop to the freezing point.
And when you install the grout, mix in an acrylic grout additive. This will give it added flexibility.
Prepare the Porch Surface
If youre laying tile on plywood, its imperative that the surface is sound. Give it a good
and repair the plywood subfloor
If there are any high areas, eliminate them. Likewise if there are any low areas or cracks, fill
them. The goal is to have a smooth and level surface.
Your tiles size and their separation, or grout width, determines the layout and border size.
As soon as you determine the layout, snap your two control lines using a chalk line. This marks
the first full tiles starting from whichever corner you decide to work from.
But, dont paint yourself into a corner, so to speak.
Make sure that the chalk lines are square. Use the 3-4-5 method by measuring 3 feet on the first
line starting from the intersection of the two lines. Mark the spot. Do the same thing with the
second line measuring 4 feet instead. Your lines are square when the distance between the
marks is 5 feet.
Lay Your Tile
Begin with several border and field tiles. Work out from the corner where your control lines
intersect. Trowel out just enough mortar as far as you can reach. Use the wet saw to cut your
border tile. A score and snap tool will only lead to frustration.
Dont even go there!
After you lay several tiles, set them with light taps with your rubber mallet along with a
beating block. Use the tile spacers between the tiles as you go. Let the mortar set for 24
Time to Grout your Tile!
The instructions for mixing the powder grout are on the packaging. It should be the texture of
Begin by applying some grout at the corner of your porch and work outwards using a grout float.
Work it in at a 45 degree angle with a sweeping motion.
Use clean water to sponge the grout off the tile surface as you go. Shape a slight indentation
in your joints. This should be done before the grout sets up so youll be grouting in sections.
Once the grout is completely dried, use the grout sealer. Now, set out the patio furniture
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