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Heater and Air Conditioner Zone Control

Single Thermostat HVAC Systems can Lack Energy Efficiency

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Efficient digital thermostats; courtesy US Department of Energy

Conventional HVAC systems contribute an efficient amount of comfort to our busy lives, but unless they are configured properly, they can use some of that efficiency. Which of course compromises energy bills.

Typically, middle class homes are fitted out with a single thermostat and a system of ductwork that moves heated or cooled air to the individual rooms.

This is generally fine in smaller or single-story residences; a relatively happy compromise. HVAC design engineers develop systems so that your thermostat is physically situated where it senses air flow.

It is popular to locate it where the air makes its way back to the return air filter for another cycle. The height is important. It should be placed in a “comfort zone” approximately five feet above floor level.

As you will recall, warm air rises and cooler air sinks. Once you begin to add in ceiling fans, cathedral ceilings, and upstairs bedrooms, it is not hard to see how a compromise devfelops and your comfort may be sacrificed.

You Might Lower Energy Costs with a HVAC Zone System

One common solution that will save money and keep family members more comfortable is by converting your single thermostat to a zone controlled system. The initial step is careful planning.

Begin by taking a look at your house’s floor plan and then divide the rooms up into logical “zones”. If you are lucky enough to have a copy of your blueprints, so much the better. If not, simply sketch it yourself.

As an example, you might label your kitchen and living room might be designated zone 1 (heavily used), the bedrooms zone 2 (mostly used at night), your basement zone 3, and the dining room/den/ zone 4.

Obviously, all homes as well as family dynamics are unique, but this will get you started and pointed in the right direction. If you feel uncomfortable making these decisions yourself, consider consulting with your best local HVAC contractor. You will need one anyhow.

Implementation of your zone is now rather straightforward; you will simply add a programmable thermostat to each zone, and motorized dampers to the ducts that supply the zones.

You might find that your ductwork may need to be replaced or modified to some extent, but you will recoup your expenses in short order. The US Department of Energy reports that you can save around 10% a year on your heating and cooling bills. And you may qualify for a federal energy tax credit.

The Dual Heating and Air Conditioner Solution

Another optional solution, specifically in 2-story homes is to use 2 separate heating and cooling systems, one dedicated to your bottom floor and the second one to your second floor, where the bedrooms generally are.

This can also be a good solution in the right circumstances, but it does involve having two HVAC systems with all the maintenance and expense that entails. Then again, everything is a trade-off to some extent.

A further consideration is that it can still present a challenge to balance individual rooms. An obvious advantage is that if your sleeping quarters are upstairs, that dedicated unit can be economized during the day and the downstairs unit may be economized at night. Win-win.

As a final possibility, if all is well except for one limited zone, especially with a 1-story home, a more efficient approach might be to simply install a ductless mini-split air conditioner system.


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