Are you interested in trimming your electricity and/or natural gas bills? The good news is that its possible. The bad news is that it requires some outlay of cash and there isnt much instant gratification; it is a long-term process.
Install Skylights to Provide Natural Lighting.
While it is true that skylights will only provide free lighting for half the day (yes, when the sun is out), you cant argue against the fact that every little bit helps. Good candidates for skylights are the kitchen, living room, and bathroom.
Tubular styles are very popular because they are so easy to install. There is also some room for dealing with tricky angles around rafters and bracing in the attic space.
Some are Energy Star rated which lends a bit of confidence and credibility. Also, Energy Star skylights qualify for a federal energy tax credit.
Windows also fall in this category and there are plenty of options today. They also qualify for an energy tax credit.
If you happen to be renovating your home rather than undergoing new construction, it is worth thinking about upgrading and relocating energy efficient replacement windows.
Install Ridge Vents on Your Roof.
Solar attic fans garner quite a bit of press, and they can indeed be effective, but they have a drawback; they only function if the sun is shining.
Likewise, whirlybird wind turbines are only effective when the wind is blowing, plus, they are so old school. And dont forget that it is precisely on those calm hot days when they are needed the most.
Ridge vents are a better solution! These run along the ridge of the roof and allow the heated air to flow out because hot air rises. To be effective though, you will need many soffit vents and ensure that they are not plugged up with insulation.
There is one caveat—turbines and ridge vents should not be used in conjunction because short circuit air flow; outside air can come through the turbine and exit thorough the ridge. The lower air (and humidity) will not exit effectively.
Install a Tankless Water Heater.
These money-saving heaters have long been used in Europe and are starting to take hold in the USA.
The main concept is that they are instantaneous and on-demand; tankless water heaters dont store hot water when it is not needed like conventional models do.
They are available in both electric and gas-fired models. They also come in different sizes so you can cover the whole home or use them as a back up. Installation is not usually a DIY task, unless of course you are an electrician. Be aware that in some areas it may be necessary to pull a building permit.
Switch Out Incandescent Lights to LEDs.
LED bulbs had some performance issues in the early ways of development but the technology is improving rapidly. Consider the benefits of LED lighting.
Yes, they are quite expensive but considering their efficiency and long lifespan (some can last 55,000 hours as opposed to incandescents which come in at about 2000), theyre not a bad bet.
What about the popular compact fluorescents? While its true that they are economical, they still have an issue with that pesky toxic mercury. Another annoyance is the long time they take to get their glow on.
Its frustrating to have to turn on the bathroom lights, and then come back five minutes later to actually use it.
These are just a sampling of steps to save money; there are many more out there. My take on this is that it is a cumulative process; many small steps add up to big savings.